11 Jobs That Will Be Replaced By Robots & Automation
The PewResearch Internet Project (PRIJ) published a report entitled; “AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs” describes how education must change to avoid employable autonomous robots from creating a “permeant underclass” of human workers.
As found by the 2014 Future of the Internet canvassing , the 1,896 expert participants “anticipate that robotics and artificial intelligence will permeate wide segments of daily life by 2025, with huge implications for a range of industries such as health care, transport and logistics, customer service, and home maintenance.”
The elephant in the room question is whether or not “automation is going to make working obsolete” and whether or not “robots will simply create new jobs in other sectors as they destroy ones in other.”
PRIJ identified “reasons to be concerned”:
• Impacts from automation have thus far impacted mostly blue-collar employment; the coming wave of innovation threatens to upend white-collar work as well.
• Certain highly-skilled workers will succeed wildly in this new environment—but far more may be displaced into lower paying service industry jobs at best, or permanent unemployment at worst.
• Our educational system is not adequately preparing us for work of the future, and our political and economic institutions are poorly equipped to handle these hard choices.
Statistically speaking, 52% of respondents “expect that technology will not displace more jobs than it creates by 2025; however, his group anticipates that many jobs currently performed by humans will be substantially taken over by robots or digital agents by 2025.”
Vint Cerf, vice president and chief Internet evangelist for Google, believes that humans will become builders of the technology needed in the future because “someone has to make and service all these advanced devices.”
Ben Shneiderman, professor of computer science at the University of Maryland, commented: “Robots and AI make compelling stories for journalists, but they are a false vision of the major economic changes. Journalists lost their jobs because of changes to advertising, professors are threatened by MOOCs, and store salespeople are losing jobs to Internet sales people. Improved user interfaces, electronic delivery (videos, music, etc.), and more self-reliant customers reduce job needs. At the same time someone is building new websites, managing corporate social media plans, creating new products, etc. Improved user interfaces, novel services, and fresh ideas will create more jobs.”
The automation of our landscape with the implementation of “smart building trends” will continue on into the near future as construction and architecture is based on “cloud-based management for buildings, a new awareness of the water crisis, more Zero-Net Energy buildings, and Green Building Performance Disclosure (GBPD) requirements.”
As the use and demand for wireless technologies and systems is built into construction automation, “energy efficient buildings, high-tech devices and enhanced security systems” will become the new normal.
Experts who participated in the PRIJ report warn that “everything that can be automated will be automated. What can the human contribute? The short answer is that if the job is one where that question cannot be answered positively, that job is not likely to exist.”
Play-i hopes to design robots to teach children how to program computers.
Play-i fosters learning by exploration, play and discovery with the children while teaching syntax and programming languages that children will have to know to write code.
Roboticist Illah Nourbakhsh explained: “If researchers set out to build a robot that can drive a regular car, climb a ladder and operate a jack hammer, “That means that that robot can manipulate an AK-47. That means that robot can manipulate the controls of all the conventional military machines as well.”
The latest trend in medical care is the “virtual house call” facilitated by telemedicine , which is “the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve a patient’s clinical health status.”
This new type of medical care includes “using two-way video, email, smart phones, wireless tools and other forms of telecommunications technology.”
Another addition to the future of medicine is the Ava 500 robot sold by iRobot that can travel independently through hallways and is controlled via an iPad.
This remotely controlled robot provides video communications between doctors, hospital staff and patients as an extension of current medical care.
Using video calling or teleconferencing, the Ava 500 can be scheduled for a visit with a patient staying in the hospital by inputting an iPad; choosing the location and employee name to be in attendance.
Last year, the National Science Foundation (NSF) gave $7 million to the Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute (CMRI) “to develop robots that can work with humans to extend and augment human skills.”
The National Robotics Initiative (NRI) was developed to “accelerate the development and use of robots in the United States that work beside, or cooperatively with, people.”
The purpose of this initiative is to bring to life “the realization of such co-robots acting in direct support of and in a symbiotic relationship with human partners is supported by multiple agencies of the federal government including the NSF, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).”
Roboy was unveiled in 2013 by Artificial Intelligence Lab (AIL) as a small service robot for the elderly who is the height of a 2-3 year old child and has a cute face to make the robot acceptable to its future “stewards”.
In general service robots are expected to “influence human-robot interaction”.
The National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation (NMESI) recently hired two female-like androids to the press who will be newscasters for the “prestigious technology center”.
Named Kodomoroid (meaning girl) and Otonaroid (meaning woman), the androids are official “science communicators” who can “move their upper bodies, arms, fingers and heads and also show a range of facial expressions while lip-synching prerecorded speech.”
These two androids “can interact with humans, read the news and read Tweets in several different voices” and will converse with museum patrons.
Howard Rheingold, internet sociologist and a participant in the PRIJ report, commented: “The jobs that the robots will leave for humans will be those that require thought and knowledge. In other words, only the best-educated humans will compete with machines. And education systems in the US and much of the rest of the world are still sitting students in rows and columns, teaching them to keep quiet and memorize what is told to them, preparing them for life in a 20th century factory.”