June 25, 2013
The Pennsylvania University has conducted a research study that claims children of minority groups go undiagnosed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which results in a lack of psychological treatment.
Apparently, researchers have ignored the fact that Leon Eisenberg, the “father of ADHD” who received the Ruane Prize for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Research award in 2009 for his contribution to research in child psychiatry, stated in his last interview before he passed away in 2012 that “ADHD is a prime example of a fictitious disease.”
Paul Morgan, lead author of the study said : “We’re seeing that the disparities occur as early as kindergarten and then remain and continue until the end of eighth grade. It’s a consistent pattern of what we’re interpreting as comparative under-diagnosis for minority populations.”
Morgan’s team found from comparisons that Hispanic and Asian children were less likely to be diagnosed with ADHD; as well as African American children were 2/3rd less likely to be declared having this mental issue when those racial groups were compared with Caucasian children.
In fact, the data presented by these researchers stated that ADHD sufferers were increased by the following factors:
• Being a boy
• Having a mother at or over 38 years old at the child’s birth
• Raised in an English-speaking household
• Arguing with authority figures such as teachers
Morgan claims that while “disparities can occur in both diagnosis and treatment” minority children who have ADHD and are not diagnosed will perform poorly in school and life and not receive the proper amount of “effective treatments for ADHD” such as “medication, cognitive-behavioral therapy and parent training.”
These disproportionate rates of diagnosis were curious to the research team.
Previous studies claimed that African American children were recorded as displaying more tendencies and symptoms, yet would not be diagnosed and receive treatment.
Because of this trend, researchers asked whether or not ADHD was being confused for another condition or simply being written off as socio-economic and/or cultural differences.
Morgan states: “What that suggests in our study is that there are children who are likely deserving of a diagnosis, but who aren’t receiving a diagnosis, which raises the question of a lack of treatment.”
In 2012, William Cooper, a pediatrics and preventive medicine professor at Vanderbilt University, published a study that claimed Ritalin and Adderall (two pharmaceutical drugs used to treat ADHD) can prevent the mind of hyperactive children from becoming criminals. Cooper contends that these drugs should continue to be administered through adulthood to prevent criminal activity later in life.
Cooper said: “There definitely is a perception that it’s a disease of childhood and you outgrow your need for medicines. We’re beginning to understand that ADHD is a condition for many people that really lasts throughout their life.”
So far, 5% of the children in the US have been diagnosed with ADHD, a psychiatric disorder wherein the non-medical opinion of a psychologist that a child is hyperactive, impulsive, has difficulty paying attention and therefore must be given pharmaceutical drugs so that “focus in school” can be achieved.
The study analyzed court and prison records from 2006 – 2009 to determine the number of those convicted who were on a drug to treat SDHD; as well as the severity of their crimes. Only 10 control subjects were entered into the study.
The findings showed:
• Thirty – seven percent of convicts were pre – diagnosed with ADHD
• It was likely that ADHD medication was used in 32% of male convicts and 41% of female
• ADHD suffers were likely to commit burglary or theft
• Four thousand of the 23,000 crimes researched were violent
The Karolinska Institute is one of the leading pharmacological research institutions that clarify the field of clinical medicine with the push of the use of drugs to treat physiological and psychological issues. Thirty percent of medicinal training and 40% of medical academic research is conducted at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and all lectures are translated into English and taught in universities in the US.
Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at the Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children’s Medical Center, confirms through past research that adults who were diagnosed with ADHD as children are more likely to:
• Get into driving accidents
• Consistently lose jobs
• Divorce spouses
• Be arrested or commit some criminal activity
Adesman admits that not all children marked as ADHD go on to become criminals or divorcees, and that the majority of them simply grow out of the behavior. Yet, Adesman still maintains that despite the fact that ADHD is a phase of childhood that rarely carries into adulthood that “collectively, people with ADHD are at risk for a range of poor outcomes.”